previous Related News articles are stored in the Archiv […]
2月27日，参观者在侵华日军南京大屠杀遇难同胞纪念馆内参观。中新社发 泱波 摄(点击图片观看更多 ) 视频：全 […]
本报讯(记者 肖姗) 我国缘何设立南京大屠杀死难者国家公祭日？国家公祭祭奠谁？谁是第一个建议设立国家公祭日 […]
Background History: During the Second Sino-Japanese War (September 18, 1931 - September 2, 1945), the Japanese military inflicted massive and inhumane atrocities in China, as well as other parts of Asia. The number of Chinese killed was about 25-30 million, and millions of Chinese women and girls were raped. This atrocious history included the Nanking Massacre, comfort women (euphemism for sex slaves), biological and chemical weapons of mass destruction, vivisections on live humans, and slave labor. (More information about the Second Sino-Japanese War can be found in the "History Overview" page).
More than seventy years have elapsed since these atrocities, among the most massive and inhumane massacres in the history of mankind. Yet, Japan still has not acknowledged or apologized to the victims. Instead, the Japanese government has continued to try to whitewash this part of history, repeatedly making statements that contradict the few earlier statements expressing acknowledgement and apology. For example, they continue to make statements like "the Nanking Massacre was just the natural consequence of war," "it was fabricated by the Chinese," "comfort women were paid prostitutes," etc. Japanese leaders, including her prime ministers, pay tribute at the Yasukuni Shrine in Tokyo where 14 Class A convicted and executed war-time Japanese criminals are enshrined. This is analogous to the German chancellor paying tribute at a memorial site for Adolf Hitler. This part of history is also not discussed in Japanese textbooks so that generations of Japanese growing up never learned about this part of history.
Origin of Project: This project was initiated in 1990 when Mr. Tong Zeng (童增), a young, concerned and patriotic Chinese, with a master degree in law, investigated various international legal cases and issues regarding compensation related to atrocities committed during a war by one country on the citizens of another country. After finding various precedents of victims of one country receiving compensation from the government of another country who committed the atrocities, he concluded that the Chinese citizens who were victims of Japanese atrocities during the Second Sino-Japanese War have every right to seek compensation from Japan (from the Japanese government or in the case of slave labors, also from the Japanese corporations who used the slave laborers). In particular, he distinguished the case of the Chinese government seeking compensation from Japan and the case of Chinese citizens seeking compensation from Japan. This means that when the Chinese government, as a gesture of good will, waived her right to seek compensation from Japan when the two countries established diplomatic relations in 1972, the Chinese government waived only the right of the Chinese government seeking compensation from Japan. It did not waive the right of Chinese citizens seeking compensation from Japan.
In July 1990 he summarized his findings in a white paper "China Demands Japan to Compensate Atrocity Victims" 《中国要求日本"受害赔偿"刻不容缓》. He sent his white paper to several newspapers in China, but none reported it.
Then in late March 1991 he sent his white paper to the National People's Congress (NPC) which was meeting in Beijing at that time, and he also alerted the press. This time the newspaper "Ming Bao" (明报) in Hong Kong published on March 30, 1991 a short article about it . A couple of days later, he and one of his students Chen Jian (陈健) also distributed copies of his white paper to various delegates on their way to attend the NPC. Several of the NPC delegates liked his proposal and submitted it as an item for discussion at the NPC. Although this issue was not discussed at the 1991 NPC because it was submitted after the deadline for submission for the 1991 NPC, the media coverage of this white paper, especially after the 1992 NPC, ignited a brush fire across the whole country. For an example of a media article in 1992, click here.
Seeking compensation for the atrocities committed by the Japanese military was a long-overdue item for seeking justice and closure that has been buried in the hearts and souls of thousands and thousands of Chinese atrocity victims and their relatives. Thousands of people wrote to Tong Zeng endorsing and thanking him for his proposal and wrote to him providing details of the atrocities that they or their family members had experienced. Within a few years, he had received about 10,000 such letters. This is why this project/website is called "10000 Cries for Justice."
For a description of how this project became a collaborative project between people in China and people in the U.S., see the "About Us" page.
Project Objective and Significance:The objective of the project is to create a digital archive of the written history from the victims crying for justice, and make available to the world these thousands of letters that Mr. Tong received 20+ years ago. This digital archive documenting the first-hand experience of the victims provides powerful evidence to refute all the false claims made by the Japanese government. It provides a powerful tool to learn from history. By finally resolving the long-overdue injustices, it will help to establish genuine friendship between the Japanese people and the Chinese people, and true peace between Japan and China,as well as other countries.
The consequence of not learning from history is that people will follow the same path and history will repeat itself. We don't want this type of history to be repeated anywhere on earth.
* Quote from American/Spanish Philosopher George Santayana
Project Tasks: The project consists of the following tasks:
- Scan the letters and envelopes to create image files.
- Transcribe the Chinese characters of each letter and envelope to get a digital file which will allow searches on the contents.
- To facilitate doing searches on these digitized letters, we create an index file for each letter. The index file contains nine fields: assigned unique ID(also called sequence number) of the letter, type of atrocity, date of event, name(s) of victim(s), location of event, date of letter, name of writer, writer's address, and a short synopsis of the event.
- To make this archive information readable to Chinese who do not understand Simplified Chinese and to people who do not know Chinese, we convert each Simplified Chinese file into a Traditional Chinese file, and translate the Chinese files into English (the initial release will have only about 10% of the letters translated into English).
- Create a naming convention to identify uniquely all these files.
- Develop a public website to allow access to this digital archive of these valuable first-hand letters written by the victims or their relatives. The website has three versions: Simplified Chinese, Traditional Chinese, and English. The Chinese versions and the English version contain basically the same contents (but initially not all the letters will be translated into English), but may contain somewhat different related recent world news or reference material articles, since not all such articles are readily available in both Chinese and English, and may require too much work to translate.
Note: Traditional Chinese will not be included in the initial release of this website.
- To provide some search capabilities to extract certain events or to find statistics associated with different types of atrocities.
Overview of Website Pages: Including the "Site Overview" page, this website has nine pages. Here is a brief description of the contents of these pages:
- "Site Overview" page: Provides a brief description of the origin and objective of this project.
- "About Us" page: Describes how this project became a collaborative project among people in China and in the U.S. Provides a brief description of the main people behind this project, as well as the non-profit educational organization "10000 CRIES FOR JUSTICE" registered in the state of California in the U.S.
- "History Overview" page: Provides a brief overview of the history of atrocities committed by the Japanese military in Asia during the Second Sino-Japanese War (from Sept. 18, 1931 thru Sept 2, 1945).
- "Letters" page: Describes the letters written by the victims or their relatives, including their naming convention and their index files. It also shows 10 sample letters. Since most people do not have time to read thousands, or even hundreds, of letters, reading these 10 sample letters will capture the essence of the letters.
- "Form-Letters" page: Describes the form-letters and their difference from the letters. It describes their naming convention and other characteristics of the form-letters. It also shows several sample form-letters.
- "Related News" page: Contains several recent news from around the world that are relevant to the subject matters of this website.
- "Reference Material" page: Contains a list of reference articles and books that provide more information about the subject matters of this website.
- "Search" page: Describes some search capabilities that can facilitate users finding information and related statistics.For an explanation of how to do searches, click on Search Tutor.
Note: The search capability that is available for "Letters" is initially not available for "Form-Letters". It will be added at the next release.
- "Contact Us" page: Provides contact information for how users can contact us.